You Don’t Want to Hire an Inexperienced Attorney to Represent You in Your ERISA Claim
Did you know that, for the most part, benefits that you receive from work are governed by a Federal Statute known as the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 of ERISA. Employee benefits, which could include life, health, retirement and disability benefits are governed by ERISA.
Unfortunately, many garden variety lawyers don’t understand the difference between an ERISA claim and a State law breach of contract claim. There’s a misconception among the public and lawyers that when you receive health, life or disability benefits through an employer payroll deduction, you have a contract with the Insurance Company. If the Disability Insurance Carrier delays or denies your benefits, some improperly believe that there are state rights and remedies associated with a breach of contract.
Worse yet, an inexperienced disability attorney will properly file an appeal under the ERISA statute and will hold their best evidence thinking they’ll have an opportunity to produce in during a state law suit.
The bad news is that as soon as a state law suit is filed, the disability insurance carrier will move it to Federal Court on the basis that it is an ERISA claim. ERISA is not a friendly place for disability policy holders because many disability policies will have what’s called a “discretionary” clause. That discretionary clause is a “get out of jail free” card that limits what a Federal Judge can do when viewing a disability insurance claim.
An administrative appeal is the only opportunity for the policy holder to document your claim. Once the administrative appeals process has run it is very difficult to add new documentation to the file.
This proves a trap for not only the disability policy holder but the inexperienced attorney who’s been lulled into a sense of informality by the administration process. An ERISA disability appeal is the trial of your case and all of the necessary evidence must be developed and presented within the body of your appeal.
As an experienced disability attorney, I routinely write appeals that are 20-60 pages long and are a “shock and awe” appeal, designed to get the disability insurance carrier to pay you your disability insurance benefits.
Important Things Inexperienced ERISA Attorneys For Disability Claims Do
What the inexperienced attorney doesn’t realize is that if the administrative appeal is denied, the carrier will claim that the courts review is limited to the administrative record that it created and had available at the time of the last denial.
Inexperienced attorneys don’t understand the need for active participation in creating an appeal. You’ll need the support of your medical providers who are willing to complete disability forms, give a statement to rebut the disability attorney’s physician’s opinion, and even review the disability carrier’s doctor’s reports. Unfortunately, doctors are often misled by the disability carrier’s definition of disability and it is often necessary to “undo” your treating physician’s inaccurate disability insurance form to undermine your claim.
Inexperienced attorneys also don’t understand that there is no live testimony, no trial and no jury in an ERISA claim. The question of disability is determined by a Federal District Judge who dispositive cross motions. The District Judge will view the “administrative record” and one of the big fights is whether the District Judge can review the denial under the “de novo” standard or else subject to the “arbitrary and capricious” denial standard.
Inexperienced attorneys don’t understand the significant difference between these two standards of review. Normally, the District Judge will review the denial of benefits under the “de novo” standard of review. That means that they can substitute their judgment for that of the insurance companies.
Unfortunately, many disability insurance policies have language that grants them the “discretion” to approve or deny benefits. The reviewing Judge can only review the denial where there is a “arbitrary and capricious” action by the disability insurance carrier in denying the claim.
There are a number of states that have declared the discretionary clauses to be void and unenforceable, but not every state has an active ban on discretionary clauses.
Inexperienced attorneys don’t understand that under the abuse of discretion standard, the policy holder has to show that there is a conflict of interest in the role between that of the payer of the benefits and the decider of the claim. This conflict of interest test is difficult to meet because Federal Courts only allow limited discovery. The permissible discovery can include learning about whether the disability insurance carrier adjuster or peer review companies that were used have compensation packages or other incentives to deny claims.
The reality is that to be successful, a disabled policy holder should hire an experienced disability attorney who can create and submit a winning administrative appeal and if necessary file a Federal lawsuit asserting the proper claim for benefits that are due. Accrued benefits are the only time of benefits that are available in an ERISA suit. In other words, you can only win the benefits that have been denied, and if you win, the carrier then gets to review your claim every month.
Most inexperienced attorneys don’t understand that the chances of winning in Federal court are slim and, as a result, most of these cases are settled. The value of the case will depend on the strength of the administration appeal, if nothing has been added to the administrative record by the way of reports from you physicians, statements from your physicians, FCE’s, vocational reports or your statement, your case will most likely settle in a lower range in which a compressive appeal has been filed.
Why You Should Hire An Experienced ERISA Attorney For Your Claim
You are to be congratulated in finding your way to this website. ERISA claims are illegally complicated, factually sophisticated and present a minefield of traps for the unworried policy holder and inexperienced attorney.
You owe it to yourself to find an attorney with experience and expertise in ERISA benefits claims before, during and after the administrative appeal. Call today at 727-894-3188 to learn more about your rights to disability benefits. Ms. Cavey can help you get the disability benefits you deserve regardless of where you live in the United States.